球探体育

医院动态
通知公告
  • 2019年十大国际科技新闻解读_信息
  • 发布时间:2019-12-31 08:29来源:作者:安徽省青阳县义龙康复医院
  • 导语:2019年,科学及其追随者们探索前行的步伐一如既往的坚定。对于世界我们仍有很多问题,其解法,是依靠科技的进步一次次击碎桎梏,开启下一个增长时代;用“希望”和“发展”引导人们走向更加美好的未来。从这个角度而言,2019年的科技界与科学家,更值得尊重。

    球探体育2019NIAN,KEXUEJIQIZHUISUIZHEMENTANSUOQIANXINGDEBUFAYIRUJIWANGDEJIANDING。DUIYUSHIJIEWOMENRENGYOUHENDUOWENTI,QIJIEFA,SHIYIKAOKEJIDEJINBUYICICIJISUIZHIGU,KAIQIXIAYIGEZENGZHANGSHIDAI;YONG“XIWANG”HE“FAZHAN”YINDAORENMENZOUXIANGGENGJIAMEIHAODEWEILAI。CONGZHEIGEJIAODUERYAN,2019NIANDEKEJIJIEYUKEXUEJIA,GENGZHIDEZUNZHONG。

    1中国“嫦娥四号”实现人类首次月背软着陆

    月球之背,宁静之地。

    CICHUPINGBILELAIZIDIQIUDEGEZHONGWUXIANDIANGANRAOXINHAO,KEYIJIANCEDAODIMIANHEDIQIUFUJINDETAIKONGZHONGWUFAFENBIANDEDIANCIXINHAO,WEIYANJIUHENGXINGQIYUANHEXINGYUNYANHUATIGONGZHONGYAOZILIAO。SUOYITIANWENXUEJIAYIZHIXIWANGLIYONGZHEIPIANJIJINGQUJIANTINGLAIZIYUZHOUSHENCHUDEWEIRUOXINHAO,DANZHANGJIUYILAI,CONGWEIYOUHANGTIANQIDENGLUGUOYUEQIUBEIMIAN。

    JINNIAN1YUE3RI,“CHANGESIHAO”TANCEQICHENGGONGZHELUZAIYUEQIUBEIMIANDONGJING177.6DU、NANWEI45.5DUFUJINDEYUXUANZHELUQU,BINGTONGGUO“QUEQIAO”ZHONGJIXINGCHUANHUILESHIJIEDIYIZHANGJINJULIPAISHEDEYUEBEIYINGXIANGTU,SHIXIANLERENLEITANCEQISHOUCIYUEBEIRUANZHELU。

    球探体育12YUE21RI,ZHELUQISHOUGUANGZHAOZIZHUHUANXING,ANJIHUAJIXUDUIYUEBIAOXIANXINGNENGLIANGZHUANYIPU、ZONGHELIZIFUSHEJILIANGJIYUEBIAODIPINSHEDIANTEZHENGKAIZHANYOUXIAOTANCEGONGZUO。

    JINGJINGDEYUEBEI,TAIYANGGUANGZHAOSHEZAI“CHANGESIHAO”ZHELUQISHANG。FANMANGDEDIMIAN,ZAIYUEBEIKESHANGZHONGGUOZUJIDEQINGNIANRENTUANDUI,PINGJUNNIANLINGJINWEI33SUI。

    2高度扩展的仿生物细胞

    机器人诞生

    球探体育DIQIUSHENGWUJIEYOUXIBAOGOUCHENG,ERXIBAOJITIYUNZUONENGLIDEQIANGHANYUFUZA,ZHIJINRENMENYEBUNENGSHUOWANQUANLEJIE。KERUGUONENGGOUZAIZHINENGLINGYUMONICHUYIDINGCHENGDUDEXIBAOZUHEYUNDONG,BINGNENGQINGYIKUOZHAN,NEIMELILUNSHANG,BIANKEYILIYONGDAGUIMOJIQIRENCHUANGZAOCHUWUXIANDEKENENG。

    MEIGUOGELUNBIYADAXUEHEMASHENGLIGONGDEKEXUEJIA3YUEFENBAOGAOLEYIZHONGNENGMONISHENGWUXIBAOJITIQIANYIDEJIQIREN,25GEWULIJIQIREN“LIZI”,NENGYIDONG、BANYUNWUTIYIJIXIANGGUANGCIJIYIDONG。

    球探体育YOUYISIDESHI,DANGEJIQIREN“LIZI”BINGBUNENGYIDONG,DANRUGUOQIZHONGYIGEHUOJIGECHENGYUAN“SANGSHIXINGDONGNENGLI”,YEBUHUIDUIZHENGTIYOUDAYINGXIANG——ZAI20%LIZISHIXIAODEQINGKUANGXIA,QIRENGNENGYIWANZHENGZHUANGTAIYIBANDESUDUYUNXING。ERZAICHUANTONGJIQIREN,DANDUGETIDEQUESHI,WANGWANGHUIDAOZHIMANPANBENGKUI。

    25GESONGSANDE“LIZI”,KEYIQINGYIKUOZENGWEISHIWANGE,ZHEIBICIQIANCHUANTONGJIQIRENHEFANGSHENGXITONGJUYOUGENGGAODEKEKUOZHANXING,YEWEIKAIFAYOUYUXIANQUEDINGXINGXINGWEIDEDAGUIMOQUNTIJIQIRENXITONG,TIGONGLEQUANXINTUJING。

    3人类获得

    首张黑洞照片

    ZAIWOMENSUOYOURENTOUDING,ZAIJIHUMEIGEDAXINGXIDEZHONGYANG,HEIDONGWUSHENGWUXIDIPANJU、TUNSHI、FUSHE。DANGTIANTIWULIXUEFAZHANDAOYIDINGCHENGDU,MEIYOURENHEYIGEWENMINGKEYIDUIHEIDONGSHIERBUJIAN。

    TIANWENXUEJIAMENWEICIDAJIANLEYIZHANGXINGXINGJIGUANCEWANG——“SHIJIANSHIJIEWANGYUANJING(EHT)”,TABIRENHEDULISHEBEIDOUGENGLEJIEHEIDONG,TAHAINENGDADAOZUGOUFENBIANLVLAIQUFENGUANGBEILARUHEIDONGSHIDEZHUANGKUANG。BAIQICHENGQUAN,CONGLAIDOUWUFAZHIJIEGUANCHADAODEHEIDONG,CICI“YANJIANWEISHI”。

    BEIJINGSHIJIAN4YUE10RI21SHI7FEN,QUANQIU6GECHENGSHI(BILISHIBULUSAIER、ZHILISHENGDIYAGE、ZHONGGUOSHANGHAIHETAIBEI、RIBENDONGJING、MEIGUOHUASHENGDUN)ZAITONGYISHIJIANGONGBULESHOUZHANGHEIDONGZHAOPIAN,JIESHILESHINVZUOXINGXITUANZHONGCHAODAZHILIANGXINGXIM87ZHONGXINDEHEIDONG。HEIDONGZHEIYISHENMITIANTI,ZHONGYUZHANLUZHENRONG。

    HEIDONG“XIANSHEN”DETONGSHI,QIZHONGDEWULIXIANXIANGHAIHENKENENGWEIWOMENCHANMINGGUANGYIXIANGDUILUNHELIANGZILIXUEJIANDEJUDAMAODUN——ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,ZHEIERWEI“BUHE”YIJIU,JIEYINWOMENZHAOBUDAOYIZHONGJISHIHONGGUANYOUSHIWEIGUANDEDONGXI。ERHEIDONG,QIAHAOJIANJUDACHIDUHONGGUANXINGTAIHEXIAOCHIDUWEIGUANLIANGZILILUNDETEXING。

    ZHEIJIUSHIKEXUEDEJINBU,JIBUHUIHULVEXIAODAOWUFATIYANDELIZI,YEBUHUIBIKAIDADAOCHAOHUNIWOXIANGXIANGDEWUTI。

    43D打印出会

    “呼吸”的人造器官

    球探体育“SHANGSHANGSHIJIDESIXIANG,SHANGSHIJIDEJISHU,BENSHIJIDESHICHANG”,SHUODEJIUSHI3DDAYIN。

    DANZAIJINNIAN,ZHEIXIANGYIRANBUZAIXINXIANDEJISHUQUDELEJUYOULICHENGBEIYIYIDECHENGGUO。5YUE,《KEXUE》ZAZHIFENGMIANBAODAOLEMEIGUOLAISIDAXUEYUHUASHENGDUNDAXUEZHUDAODEYANJIU,GAITUANDUIKEFULE3DDAYINQIGUANDEYIDAZHANGAI,CHUANGZAOCHUYIGEYOUSHUININGJIAO3DDAYINERCHENGDEFEIQINANGMOXING。

    ZHEIGEMOXING,JUYOUYURENTIXUEGUANHEQIGUANJIEGOUXIANGTONGDEWANGLUOJIEGOU,ZAITIWAIMONIFEIQINANGSHENGLIXUEGONGNENG,SHIXIANLEWANGZHOUWEIXUEGUANSHUSONGYANGQI,WANCHENGLE“HUXI”GUOCHENG。ERTONGCHANGRENWEI,ZHIYOU3DDAYINDEZUZHINENGXIANGJIANKANGZUZHIYIYANG“HUXI”,QIEGOUJIANCHUKEYUQITAZUZHIJIAOHUDEGUANLUXITONG,CAIKEYISHUOTAZAIGONGNENGSHANGYIJINGJIEJINYIGEJIANKANGZUZHI。

    球探体育ZHEIXIANGCHENGGUOBEIRENWEIDAIBIAOLE3DSHENGWUDAYINKESHIXIANDEZUIQIANGSHENGLIGONGNENG,TAYEYIWEIZHE,WEILAIDEQIGUANYIZHIYIJIRENLEISHOUMINGYANZHANGDENGXUDUOWENTI,DOUJIANGKENENGDEDAOJIEJUE。

    5超导材料最高

    临界温度刷新

    球探体育YINGYONGWULIJIEYOUYIGEZHONGJISHIMING,JIUSHIXUNZHAONENGZAISHIWENXIAJUYOUCHAODAOXINGDECAILIAOBINGJIANGQIYONGYUSHENGHUOZHONG。

    球探体育YIBANDECAILIAOZAIDAODIANGUOCHENGZHONGHUIXIAOHAODALIANGNENGLIANG,ERCHAODAOTIZAICHUANSHUZHONGJIHUMEIYOUHAOSUN,HAINENGZAIMEIPINGFANGLIMISHANGCHENGZAIGENGQIANGDEDIANLIU。DANMUQIAN,CHAODAOCAILIAOZHIYOUZAIDIWENHUANJINGXIACAIHUIJUYOUCHAODAOXING。

    JINNIAN5YUE,MEIDELIANGGUOKEXUEJIATUANDUIZAI《ZIRAN》SHANGFAWENCHENG,QISUOGUANCHADAODE3GETEZHENGYIKEZHENGMING,ZAI250K(YUEWEI-23℃)DEWENDUXIA,QINGHUALANZAICHAOGUO100WANBEIDIQIUDAQIYAXIAHUIBIANCHENGCHAODAOWUZHI。

    ER250K,SHIQIJINWEIZHICHAODAOCAILIAOZHONGZHENGSHIDEZUIGAOLINJIEWENDU,QIJULISHIWENDE295KYIBINGBUYAOYUAN。

    ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,ZAI2018NIAN,YIYOULIANGGEDULIYANJIUXIAOZUTONGSHIFABUDUIYASUOQINGHUALANHUAHEWUCHAODAOXINGDELILUNYUCE,BINGZHICHULEQILINJIEWENDUFANWEIZHI。ZHEIYICONG“YUCE”DAO“YANZHENG”DEGUOCHENGBIAOMING,RENLEIDUICHAODAOCAILIAODEYANJIUKENENGJINRULEYIGEXINJIEDUAN——CONGKAOJINGYANGUIZE、ZHIJUEHUOYUNQIFAXIANCHAODAOTI,XIANGYOUJUTILILUNYUCEZHIDAOYANJIUGUODU。

    6新癌症疫苗让CAR-T疗法

    高效攻击实体瘤

    球探体育SHIYAOXIANGAIZHENGJINJUNDECAR-TLIAOFA,HAIQUEYIFUKAIJIA。XIANZAI,“KANGAIYIMIAO”KEZUOQIKAIJIA。

    ZAIRENLEIYUAIZHENGKANGZHENGDELISHIZHANGHEZHONG,CAR-TLIAOFADUZHANAOTOU。ZHEIMINGZIZHONGDET,SHIZHICONGHUANZHETINEIFENLICHUMIANYITXIBAO,ZAIZAITIWAIDUIZHEIXIEXIBAOJINXINGJIYINGAIZAO,JITAMENZHUANGSHANGSHIBIEAIXIBAOBIAOMIANKANGYUANDE“QIANHEKANGYUANSHOUTI”——JIMINGZIZHONGDECAR。

    GAIMINGXINGLIAOFABEIRENWEICHEDIDIGAIBIANLEAIZHENGZHILIAOGEJU,DANQUEYOUYIDINGJUXIAN——JINNENGZHILIAOMOUXIELEIXINGDEBAIXUEBING。DANJINNIAN7YUE,MASHENGLIGONGXUEYUANKEXUEJIAMENZAI《KEXUE》ZAZHISHANGFABIAOLETIWEI“LIYONGYIMIAOZENGQIANGCAR-TXIBAOZHILIAOSHITILIUDELIAOXIAO”DEYANJIU。TAMENKAIFACHUXINXING“KANGAIYIMIAO”,KEYIRANGCAR-TXIBAODUISHITIZHONGLIUJINXINGGONGJI,JIDATIGAOCAR-TLIAOXIAO,ZUIZHONGKEQINGCHU60%DEXIAOSHUTINEIDESHITILIU,CIWAIHAINENGCIJIMIANYIXITONGCHANSHENGJIYITXIBAO,FANGZHIZHONGLIUFUFA。

    ZHEIXIANGKAICHUANGXINGDEYANJIU,BUCHIYUWEIQIANWANRENDAILAIXIWANG,ERDUIYANJIUZHELAISHUO,TAWEIDUIKANGSHITILIUDEGONGJIANZHANTIGONGLEXINSILU。

    7全球首座浮动

    核电站正式启航

    球探体育20870XING“LUOMENGNUOSUOFUYUANSHI”HAOFUDONGHEDIANZHAN,SHIYIDONGSHIDIGONGLVHEDIANJIZUDESHOUXINGHAO,YESHISHIJIESHANGZUIBEIDUANDEHEZHUANGZHI。

    FUDONGHEDIANZHANBENZHISHANGJIUSHIYIGEJIANZAICHUANSHANGDEHEDIANZHAN,YINQIANQUANXINGHEJINGJIXINGHUODEGEGUOGUANGFANCHIXUGUANZHU,BEIRENWEISHIZUILIXIANGDEHAIYANGNENGYUANKAIFABAOZHANG。8YUE23RI,“LUOMENGNUOSUOFUYUANSHI”HAOCONGELUOSIBEIJIBUDONGGANGMOERMANSIKEGANGQIHANG,9YUEDIDACHUKEQIDIQUDEPEISIWEIKESHI,SUIHOULIANJIEDAODIANWANG。

    12YUEFEN,FUDONGHEDIANZHANKAISHISHIYUNXING。DENGZHENGSHIYUNYINGHOU,TAJIANGNENGTIDAIDANGDIYIZUOLUSHANGHEDIANZHANHEHUOLIDIANZHANDEFADIANCHANNENG。ZHEIZUOFUDONGSHIHEDIANZHANZAISHEJISHILIUYOULEHENDADEANQUANYULIANG,LIANGTAIKLT-40SFANYINGDUINENGCHANSHENGGAODA70ZHAOWADEDIANGONGLV,KEYIMANZUYIGE10WANRENKOUCHENGZHENDENENGYUANSUOXU。

    球探体育“LUOMENGNUOSUOFUYUANSHI”HAOQIHANG,BIAOZHIZHEELUOSIZAIGAILINGYUQUDESHIZHIXINGTUPO。XIANZAI,EGUOJIAYUANZINENGGONGSIZHENGZAIYANZHIDIERDAIFUDONGSHIHEDIANZHAN,JIANGCHENGWEIJIEJUEBEIJIDENGTESHUDIYUNENGYUANGONGYINGDEZHONGYAOXUANXIANG。

    8“量子霸权”实现:

    200秒完成万年计算

    球探体育DANGLIANGZIJISUANZAIMOUXIERENWUSHANGYONGYOUCHAOYUESUOYOUCHUANTONGJISUANJIDEJISUANNENGLI,JIUSHI“LIANGZIBAQUAN”。

    球探体育9YUE,GUGEFABIAOTIWEI《SHIYONGKEBIANCHENGCHAODAOCHULICHENGSHIDELIANGZIYOUSHI》DEWENZHANG,XUANBUQISHIXIAN“LIANGZIBAQUAN”:YITAIKEBIANCHENGLIANGZIJISUANJICHAOYUELEZUIKUAIDEJINGDIANCHAOJIJISUANJI。GAILIANGZIXITONGZHIYONGLEYUE200MIAO,JIUWANCHENGLEJINGDIANJISUANJIDAYUEXUYAO1WANNIANCAINENGWANCHENGDERENWU——ERZHEILICANBAIDEDUISHOU,SHIMUQIANSHIJIEPAIMINGDIYIDECHAOJIJISUANJI、MEIGUONENGYUANBUXIANGSHULINGGUOJIASHIYANSHIDE“Summit”。

    MIAOSHAJINGDIANJISUANJIYEJIEQIAOCHU,ZHEIYICHENGJIUBEISHIWEILIANGZIJISUANDEZHONGDALICHENGBEISHIJIAN,“DUISHIJIELINGXIANDECHAOJIJISUANJISHIXIANLIANGZIBAQUAN,WUYISHIYIXIANGLEBUQIDECHENGJIU”。

    DANYEYAOKANDAO,CONGSHIYONGDELIANGZIJISUANXITONGZAIDAOTONGYONGKEBIANCHENGDELIANGZIJISUANJI,QILUMANMAN。ZAILIANGZIJISUANJITOURUSHIJIYINGYONGQIAN,HAIXUKAIZHANGENGDUOGONGZUO,PIRU,SHIXIANKECHIXUDERONGCUOYUNSUAN。

    9“基因魔剪”升级,

    新基因编辑系统问世

    球探体育CRISPR-CasZHEIBA“JIYINMOJIAN”DEQIANLI,YIZHISHOUDAONANYIJINXINGJINGQUEXIUSHIDEXIANZHI。

    球探体育JINNIANLAI,WOMENKANDAOJIYINZUBIANJIJISHUQUDELEZHONGYAOJINZHAN,DANSHIYIZHIDEYUE75000GERENLEIBINGLIXINGYICHUANBIANYITI,DABUFENRENGWUFADEDAOYOUXIAOXIUZHENG——SHOUDAOFUZAXIBAOGUOCHENGDEYINGXIANG,CRISPR-CasZAIJINGDUHEXIAOLVSHANGBINGBUWANMEI。

    DANXIANZAI,XUDUOYANJIUGONGZUOZHENGJIZHONGJIANGBUWANMEIPINGHENGWEIYIZHONGJINGQUEDEBIANJI。JINNIAN10YUE,MEIGUOBODEYANJIUSUODENGJIGOUDEKEXUEJIAZAI《ZIRAN》FAWENCHENG,TAMENKAIFACHUXINXINGDUOGONGNENGJIYINZUBIANJIJISHU,KEYIJINGQUEDIBIANJIJIYIN,ERBUZAOCHENGDNASHUANGLIANDUANLIE。QIBICHUANTONGCas9XIAOLVGENGGAO、FUCHANWUGENGSHAO、TUOBALVGENGDI。

    球探体育ZHEIXIANGXINJISHUMINGWEI“XIANDAOBIANJI”,YUANZESHANG,QIKEYIXIUZHENGYUE89%DEYIZHIYUJIBINGXIANGGUANDERENLEIYICHUANBIANYITI。

    JIYINZUBIANJIDEZUIZHONGMUBIAO,JIUSHINENGGOUDUISHENGMINGLANTUZUOCHURENHETEDINGDEGAIBIAN。ERYIZHONGYONGYUJIYINZUBIANJIDE“SOUSUOHETIHUAN”FANGFA,SHIWOMENCHAOZHEZHEIYIHONGWEIMUBIAOMAICHULEYIDABU。

    10“万物DNA”材料

    让存储无处不在

    RENMENSUIKOUJIUSHUO“SHUJUBAOZHANG”ZHEIGECI,DANNIWOZHISHIZHUANSHOUQUMAIKUAIXINYINGPAN,DANDUIJISHURENYUANLAISHUO,SHUJULIANGDEBUDUANZENGJIA、JIYOUCUNCHUJIAGOUDEBUZU,SHIKONGJUZHIYUAN。

    CHUANTONGCUNCHUFANGSHINANYIWEIJI。XINGHAO,WOMENHAIYOU“GENGCHUANTONGDE”——YIKAOZIRANJIESHENQIERJINGQIAODESHENGWUCUNCHU。YOURENYANJIUGUO,DNAXINXICHUCUNMIDUWEIYIQIANWANTB/LIFANGLIMI。ZAIZHEIZHONGMIDUXIA,YIGEDAYUEYIMIZHANGDEDNALIFANGTI,JIUNENGMANZUMUQIANSHIJIESHANGYINIANDEXINXICHUCUNXUQIU。ERQIE,TARUCIWENDING。

    球探体育JINNIAN12YUE,GELUNBIYADAXUEZHUMINGZHUANJIA、YISELIEJISUANYICHUANXUEJIAYANIFU·AIERLIHEYUSULISHILIANBANGLIGONGXUEYUANBAOGAOLEYIZHONGYUNYONG“WANWUDNA”TESHUCAILIAO3DDAYINCHULAIDE“TUZI”,GAICAILIAOBAOHANLEYONGYIHECHENGDNABIANMADETUZILANTU。ZHIHOU,YUANSHITUZISUOHANDEDNABEIJIEMA,BINGWENDINGFUZHILEWUDAITUZI。ZHEIZHONGXINDECUNCHUJIAGOU,YIWEIZHEDNACUNCHUDEQIANLIYOUBEIJINYIBUTUOZHAN。

    球探体育ERJINNIANSHAOZAOSHIJIAN,MEIGUOWEIRUANYUHUASHENGDUNDAXUEYELIANHEGONGBULEQUANQIUSHOUGEQUANZIDONGDNASHUJUCUNCHUHEJIANSUOXITONG。ZHEISHIRENLEISHOUCICAIYONGQUANZIDONGSHOUDUANQUJINXINGDNACUNCHU。QUANZIDONGDEHECHENGHEDUQU,BUDANYOUZHUYUTUIDONGGUIMOHUABINGJIANGDICHENGBEN,HAIJIANGSHIDNACUNCHUJISHUCONGSHIYANSHIZOUXIANGSHANGYESHUJUZHONGXINDEGUANJIANBUZHOU。

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